An Independent Heart by Elizabeth Grant

An Independent Heart by Elizabeth Grant begins in at the very end of January 1814 with Captain Justin Sumners arriving in a wintery England after serving five years in Spain during the Peninsular War, including seven recent months spent as a captive. He is the second son of Lord Hawksfield but, with his elder brother’s … Continue reading An Independent Heart by Elizabeth Grant

‘It is an action like a stratagem in war where man can err but once’ – Choosing a spouse in 16th century England

During the 16th century, as in the centuries both before and after, marriage was a state that most aspired to - it gave both men and women status not only as full adults but, in the case of men, that of householder. Without marriage, women had few opportunities to independently support themselves. Except for those … Continue reading ‘It is an action like a stratagem in war where man can err but once’ – Choosing a spouse in 16th century England